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Walking For Fitness
Once a week we will put an item from a reputable scientific source here.

Walking for fitness: How to trim your waistline and improve your health.

Walking is a gentle, low-impact exercise that can ease you into a higher level of fitness and health. Walking is one of your body's most natural forms of exercise. It's safe, simple, doesn't require practice, and the health benefits are many. Here's more about why walking is good for you and how to get started with a walking programme.


Benefits of walking

Walking, like other exercise, can help you achieve a number of important health benefits. Walking can help you:

  • Lower low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol (the "bad" cholesterol)
  • Raise high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol (the "good" cholesterol)
  • Lower your blood pressure
  • Reduce your risk of, or manage, type 2 diabetes
  • Manage or reduce your weight
  • Improve your mood
  • Stay strong and fit

Preparation helps avoid injury

Take time to prepare yourself to prevent injuries such as blisters on your feet or muscle pain.

Wear walking shoes and comfortable, protective clothing
Before you set out, be sure to select comfortable footwear. Also dress in loose-fitting, comfortable clothing and in layers if you need to adjust to changing temperature. If you walk outside, choose clothes appropriate for the weather. Avoid rubberised materials, as they don't allow perspiration to evaporate. Wear bright colours or reflective tape after dark so that motorists can see you.

Warm up
Spend about five minutes walking slowly to warm up your muscles. You can walk in place if you want. Increase your pace until you feel warm.

After warming up, stretch your muscles before brisk walking. Include the calf stretch, quadriceps stretch, hamstring stretch and side (ilio-tibial) stretch.

Cool down after each walking session
To reduce stress on your heart and muscles, end each walking session by walking slowly for about five minutes. Then, repeat your stretches.


Getting started: Focus on the basics

As you get started, remember to:

  • Start slow and easy. If you're a seasoned walker, keep doing what you're doing. If you've been inactive and tire easily, it's best to start slow and easy. At first, walk only as far or as fast as you find comfortable. If you can walk for only a few minutes, let that be your starting point. For example, you might try short daily sessions of five to 10 minutes and slowly build up to 15 minutes twice a week. Then, over several weeks' time, you can gradually work your way up to 30, then 60 minutes of walking at least 5 days per week.
  • Use proper technique. Walking is a great exercise because it's so simple to do. However, using the correct posture and movements is essential.
  • Measure the intensity of your workout. As you walk, measure the intensity of your workout by checking your heart rate. Knowing your heart rate allows you to increase the intensity to maximise your workout or slow down to avoid overdoing it.

To find out if you're exercising within the range of your target heart rate, stop walking to check your pulse manually at your wrist (radial artery) or neck (carotid artery). Another option is to wear an electronic device that displays your heart rate.

Set goals, track progress, stay motivated for success

The good news is that walking — even only a modest amount — provides health benefits. For maximum benefits, work your way up to 30 to 60 minutes a day within your target heart rate zone, most days of the week.

To achieve these benefits, it can help to set goals, track your progress and take steps to stay motivated.

Set realistic goals
If your goal is to walk two hours a day 365 days a year, you might be setting yourself up to fail. Set realistic goals for yourself, such as 30 minutes five days a week.

You don't need to do it all at once – but it’s better if you do. Build walking into your schedule today. Just do it! For example, walk for 10 minutes on your lunch break.

Track progress
Keeping a record of how many steps you take, the distance you walk and how long it takes can help you see where you started from and serve as a source of inspiration. Just think how good you'll feel when you see how many miles you've walked each week, month or year.

Record these numbers in a walking journal you create for yourself or log them in a spreadsheet on your computer. Another option is to use an electronic device — such as a pedometer — to calculate time and distance for you.

Stay motivated
Starting a walking programme takes initiative. Sticking with it takes commitment. However, when you think of the potential health benefits, it's well worth your effort. Over time you'll likely feel more invigorated. To stay motivated:

  • Make it fun. If you don't like walking alone, invite your spouse, partner, friend or neighbour to join you. You might also join a health club and use a treadmill.
  • Vary your routine. Plan several different walking routes for variety. If you're walking alone, be sure to tell someone which route you're taking and avoid dark streets or parks.

Sometimes things happen to keep you from sticking to a regular walking programme. Don't be too hard on yourself when this happens. You don't have to let a few days off sabotage your plan to reach a higher level of fitness and improved health. Just revisit your goals and get walking.


You'll be glad you started

Even though the first steps of any journey can be the most difficult, it helps to keep your goals foremost in your mind. So remember, once you take that first step, you're on the way to an important destination — better health.

It takes 21-30 days to form a new (good) habit – commit to walking for 21 days and experience the magic!

From the Mayo Clinic – modified by Dr. San.

Stay tuned for Dr. San’s “The only diet you’ll ever need.”


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